What are the main electrolytes?
The electrolytes that athletes need to be aware of are sodium, magnesium, calcium and potassium.
Other main electrolytes include chloride, phosphate and bicarbonate.
Electrolytes work together in the body and perform a wide range of functions. For example, muscles need a healthy balance of magnesium and potassium to function properly. Doing a hard workout or going for a long run causes you to sweat excessively and lose electrolytes.
If you don’t hydrate properly, you won’t replenish those lost electrolytes. As a result, you may feel fatigued and you may even feel your muscles twitch when your dehydrated.
How do we maintain healthy electrolyte levels?
In general, you can get all the electrolytes you need from eating a healthy diet full of fresh fruits and vegetables, and staying hydrated.
But if you’re doing activities that cause you to sweat and lose a lot of fluids, like a hard workout, then you may need to replenish the electrolytes you lose.